How to change controller and model directory path in codeigniter ?

You can changed that by using HMVC extension.

First of all download the extension code from –
https://github.com/skjain5793/codeigniter-modular-extensions-hmvc

Extract it and
i.) put /third_party  folder files in application/third_party folder
ii.) put /core folder files in application/core folder

Puzzles Interview Questions

Puzzles Interview Questions :

Ques: There are 3 persons in a room(say you and 2 others). From other 2 persons one speaks truth and another lies but you don’t know who speaks truth and who lies. There are 2 doors in the room(say door 1 and door 2) out of which 1 door opens. You have to ask only 1 question from 1 guy and have to find out which door opens.

HTML Interview Questions

Ques: What is root element ?

Ans:<html> is the root element.

Ques: What is difference between div and span tag ?

Ans: div is block level element and span is content level element.

Ques: What are listing elements ?

Ans: <ol> and <ul> are listing elements.

Ques: Tell me name of any block level element, inline-block level element and inline element.

Ans: Block Level Elements – <div>, <h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6>
Inline Block Level Element –
<span>
Inline Element – <button>

Ques: What is difference between bold and strong tag in HTML ?

Ans: <b> makes only look as bold while <strong> tag emphasize the text as important. Text in <strong> tag will have more importance.

Ques: What is optgroup ?

Ans: This tag is used to group related options in drop down.
For Example –
<select id=”cars”>
<optgroup label=”Maruti Cars”>
<option value=”swift”>Swift</option>
<option value=”spresso”>Spresso</option>
</optgroup>
<optgroup label=”Honda Cars”>
<option value=”city”>City</option>
<option value=”brio”>Brio</option>
</optgroup>
</select>

Copy files to other server(ftp) using ftp details

How to copy all files of a directory to a directory on other server ?
Suppose, we have to copy all files in a directory(dir/subdir) to other server directory(dir/sub) and we also have to create directory there(in case, if directory does not exist), then –

First of all make connection with Remote(other) FTP (from where we are copying the files) like –
$ftp_host = ‘host’;
$ftp_username = ‘ftp_username’;
$ftp_password = ‘ftp_password’;
$ftp_connection = ftp_connect($ftp_host);

Then, login to Remote or other ftp using –
$ftp_login = ftp_login($ftp_connection,$ftp_username,$ftp_password);

function isdir_ftp($ftp_connection,$dir){
$pushed = ftp_pwd($ftp_connection);
if($pushed!=false && @ftp_chdir($ftp_connection,$dir)){
ftp_chdir($ftp, $pushed);
return true;
}
return false;
}

Suppose, we have to copy the directory and files in public_html directory –
$server_path = “./public_html/”;
$file_path_server = “dir/subdir” ;
$server_file_path = $server_path. $file_path_server ;
$is_dir = isdir_ftp($ftp_connection, $file_path_server);
if(!$is_dir){
$dir = $file_path_server;
$dd = ”;
$d=explode(“,”,$dir);
for($i=0;$i<count($d);$i++){
$dd.=$d[$i].”/”;
//try to create dir
$dir = $dd;
$is_dir = isdir_ftp($ftp_connection, $dir);
if(!$is_dir){
if(ftp_mkdir($frp_connection, $dir)){
echo “Dir created successfully”;
}else{
echo “Error”;
}
}
}
}

Now read the files from local ftp from where we have to copy the files and the copy it –
$local_ftp_dir = ” dir/subdir “;
if ($handle = @opendir($ local_ftp_dir )) {
while (false !== ($file = readdir($handle))) {
if ($file != “.” && $file != “..”) {
$source= $ local_ftp_dir .’/’.$file;
$dest = “public_html/”.$ local_ftp_dir .’/’.$file;
$upload = ftp_put($ftp_connection, $dest, $source, FTP_BINARY);
if (!$upload) {
echo ‘FTP upload failed!’;
} else {
echo “uploaded successfully”;
}
}
}
}

ftp_close($ftp_connection);

Copy files from other ftp or server to current ftp or server

Steps to copy all files of a particular folder from other ftp to current ftp –

First of all make connection with Remote(other) FTP (from where we are copying the files) like –
$ftp_host = ‘host’;
$ftp_username = ‘ftp_username’;
$ftp_password = ‘ftp_password’;
$ftp_connection = ftp_connect($ftp_host);

Then, login to Remote or other ftp using –
$ftp_login = ftp_login($ftp_connection,$ftp_username,$ftp_password);

After that get all files of that directory of remote ftp –
$remote_dir = ‘/dir/’;
$remote_files = ftp_nlist($ftp_connection,$remote_dir); //Array of all files from dir directory on remote server

Then, check that file exists in that directory on not –
if(count($remote_files)>0){ //There are files in remote server dir
foreach($remote_files as $remote_file){ //run loop through each file
$file_name = end(“/”,explode($remote_file)); //get file name from remote
$local_file = ‘local_dir/’.$file_name;
$server_file = $remote_file; //file from remote server
if(ftp_get($ftp_connection,$local_file,$server_file, FTP_ASCII)){
echo “File successfully copied”;
}else{
echo “error”;
}
}
}

JQuery / Javascript Interview Questions

Ques: What is difference between setInterval () and setTimeout () ?

Ans: setInterval(expression, time) – It will run the code or function in the time interval.
Example –
setInterval(function(){ alert(“Hello”); }, 1000);
This will alert “Hello” after every 1 second(1000 milliseconds).

setTimeout() – It will run after the time.
Example –
setTimeout(function(){ alert(“Hello”); }, 1000);
This will alert “Hello” once only after 1 second(1000 milliseconds).

Ques: When will be the fourth argument to open() function ?

Ans: When the second argument named as existing window.